Arab Spring: Purpose and Outcome
Middle East has always been considered the Arab region. Such national predominance was one of the reasons for the term Arab Spring coming into use. Namely, when the wave of riots and civil unrest throughout the year of 2011 has overrun the majority of Middle East countries of the Arab League, it was called Arab Spring . This paper is going to determine the purpose of this phenomenon and discuss its outcome, i.e. whether it resulted with failure or success.
In general, Arab Spring began in Tunisia where it started with revolution in people’s minds and spread across a number of other nearby countries. To name a few, they included Egypt, Libya, Syria, Bahrain, Yemen, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, etc. It was mainly intended as anti-governmental uprising. To be more specific, some nations protested against their dictatorship regimes (like Libyans and Syrians), which had put the countries into serious military conflicts. Others like Tunisia and Egypt aimed to fight against unemployment, corruption, and economy crisis. There the spirit of rebellion had led to massive protests and uncertainty, both political and economical. On the other hand, the main purpose of those living in the monarchical states like Morocco and Saudi Arabia was implementing certain economic reforms under current ruling. Basically, people were striving to democracy and a range of constitutional changes, using the variety of means to achieve their goals (Parana & Wilson IX). In turn, they expected economic and social improvements.
Speaking of the actual outcome, Arab Spring has definitely made long-lasting impact. For republican states like Tunisia and Egypt and the countries ruled by dictators (e.g. Gaddafi in Libya) the early elections became a huge step towards the brighter future. The Arab nations have proven to the world that instead of passively waiting they were ready to take responsibility for changing their life standards for better. The wave of revolutions allowed showing how average people can change governments. Moreover, it became a lesson to the governments of those states which were not directly involved.
In conclusion, Arab Spring pervaded to a different extent in different states, varying from riots to civil wars. As a result, the countries with identical challenges after demonstrating their civil disobedience came to similar outcome, e.g. early elections which were attempted to be held according to the international standards of democracy. In any case, this phenomenon had led to significant changes in many aspects of life, and its impact, both in the Arab states and worldwide, should not be underestimated.